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Measurement of Energy Poverty and Influencing Factors of Rural Households in China

Rural and Regional Development . 2023, 1(2), 10009;
School of Business Administration, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, Wuhan 430073, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Received: 09 Nov 2023    Accepted: 11 Dec 2023    Published: 18 Dec 2023   


Despite being the world’s largest developing country, China faces significant disparities between urban and rural areas, which exacerbates energy poverty in rural regions. This issue of energy poverty is a global concern, as millions of people lack access to modern energy necessary for a decent quality of life. This research aims to analyze the levels and structures of energy consumption in rural Chinese households, using data from the Chinese General Social Survey (CGSS) conducted in 2015 and 2018. The research employs the poverty line threshold and Theil index methods to comprehensively assess energy poverty in diverse regions. It also examines the economic, social, and familial factors influencing rural energy poverty. The findings reveal a transition in rural energy consumption towards cleaner sources, but energy poverty remains a significant issue. Factors such as energy prices and household size have a positive impact on energy poverty, while per capita income, education level, and social factors exert a negative influence. 


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