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Production of Highly Modified C30-carotenoids with Singlet Oxygen-quenching Activities, 5-glucosyl-5,6-dihydro-4,4’-diapolycopen-4’-oic Acid, and Its Three Intermediates Using Genes from Planococcus maritimus Strain iso-3

Synthetic Biology and Engineering. 2023, 1(1), 10002;
Moe Hagiwara 1,    Chinatsu Maehara 1,    Miho Takemura 2,    Norihiko MIsawa 2, *    Kazutoshi Shindo 1, *   
Department of Food and Nutrition, Japan Women´s University, 2-8-1 Mejirodai, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 112-8681, Japan
Research Institute for Bioresources and Biotechnology, Ishikawa Prefectural University, 1-308 Suematsu, Nonoichi-shi, Ishikawa 921-8836, Japan
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Received: 12 Dec 2022    Accepted: 03 Feb 2023    Published: 07 Feb 2023   


Planococcus maritimus strain iso-3 was previously isolated from intertidal sediment in the North Sea and was found to produce a highly modified C30-carotenoid, methyl-5-glucosyl-5,6-dihydro-4,4’-diapolycopenoate, as the final product. In this study, we analyzed the function of the carotenoid terminal oxidase crtP (renamed cruO) and aldehyde dehydrogenase aldH genes in P. maritimus strain iso-3 and elucidated the carotenoid biosynthetic pathway for this strain at the gene level. We produced four novel C30-carotenoids with potent singlet oxygen-quenching activities, 5-glucosyl-5,6-dihydro-4,4’-diapolycopen-4’-oic acid and its three intermediates, which were obtained using E. coli cells carrying the cruO (and aldH) gene(s) in addition to the known P. maritimus carotenogenic genes.


C30-carotenoids; Marine Bacterium; Planococcus; Diapolycopenoic Acid; Singlet Oxygen-quenching Activity


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